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社会政策代写

Wicked Problems and Policies

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Institution

Wicked Problems and Policies

Reflection Questions on “The Northern Territory Interventions”

社会政策代写 Question 1 The film by Nimmo (2008, the government learned about the abuse of girls in Aborigine communities through a report published by ···

 

Question 1

The film by Nimmo (2008, the government learned about the abuse of girls in Aborigine communities through a report published by Pat Anderson and Rex Wild called “The Little Children are Sacred.” This report paints gruesome events that have happened in the remote areas of the Aborigine community, but most of the cases went unreported or just ignored. Another determinant is their remoteness and being marginalized groups in Australia. The Aborigines people saw this as a discriminatory approach to solve the social problem through collective impact. As a result, the Howard government intervened by quarantining the communities. This intervention aimed at controlling the incomes and expenditures, land ownership, tenancies, children support and health, et cetera (Nimmo).


译文:

问题1  社会政策代写 

Nimmo拍摄的电影(2008年,政府通过Pat Anderson和Rex Wild发布的名为“小孩子是神圣的”的报告了解了土著社区中女童的虐待情况。该报告描绘了在偏远地区发生的可怕事件。 原住民社区,但大多数案件没有报告或只是被忽略了。另一个决定因素是他们在澳大利亚的偏远和被边缘化群体。原住民认为这是通过集体影响解决社会问题的歧视性方法。 霍华德政府通过隔离社区进行干预,旨在控制收入和支出,土地所有权,租约,儿童抚养费和医疗费用等(Nimmo)。


Question 2  

 According to the book “Tackling Wicked Problems” published by Australian Government (2007), the wicked problem is so because of a combination of social complexities both external and internal to the specified problem with no explicit approach to get a solution. In this regard, Aborigine social problem can be termed wicked looking at the various factors contributing to the problem and the interventions that were put in place. Instead of solving the problem of girls’ sexual abuse, it created other issues of racial discrimination and restriction to liberty and freedom.


译文:

问题2  社会政策代写 

根据澳大利亚政府(2007年)出版的《解决邪恶的问题》一书,邪恶的问题之所以如此,是因为特定问题外部和内部的社会复杂性相结合,而没有明确的解决方案。 在这方面,土著人民的社会问题可以被视为邪恶的,因为它是导致该问题的各种因素以及所采取的干预措施的结果。 它没有解决女孩遭受性虐待的问题,而是创造了种族歧视和限制自由与自由的其他问题。


Question 3  

The NT intervention applied the authoritative approach in that all the communities were forced to abide by the legislation and rules laid to curb the problem that the Howard government intended to solve. As such the community did not have any chance of negotiation for any room for reconciliation with the social problem. In such a case, the most effective approach to solving a wicked problem is a collaborative approach (“Australian Government,” 2007). This approach uses a win-win view to the problem solving and involve all the stakeholders for the sustained behavioral change.


译文:

问题3 社会政策代写

北领地干预采用了权威性方法,因为所有社区都被迫遵守为遏制霍华德政府打算解决的问题而制定的立法和规则。 因此,社区没有任何机会与社会问题进行和解。 在这种情况下,解决邪恶问题的最有效方法是协作方法(“澳大利亚政府”,2007年)。 这种方法使用双赢的观点来解决问题,并使所有利益相关者参与进来,以实现持续的行为改变。


Question 4  

The NT Intervention of 2007 brought draconian control to the Aborigine communities. Regardless of the intervention program having consumed large budget and good intention of solving the identified social problem, according to Dudgeon et al. (2010), it also brought about negative social impacts to the Aborigine people. Some of the problems created are; alienation of children from their parents and culture. This deprived them of parental care and the right to exercise their cultural practice.

社会政策代写
社会政策代写

Another problem was the intervention to the housing program which saw overcrowding in the available houses. This further aggravated the problem of spreading of diseases and poverty. The poverty level notwithstanding, the government income management made their life harder because they were only left with 50% to take care of their daily needs. This caused frustrations leading to depression of majority of parents (Nimmo, 2008). The discriminatory alcohol control did not prove useful as many could go the nearest town get lost in alcoholism. More to this, the government action to stop Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) lead to massive unemployment. These trends led frustrations, depressions, alcoholism, poverty and eventually, most people ended up in jail or committing suicide.


译文:

问题4   社会政策代写

2007年的北领地干预为土著社区带来了严厉的控制。根据Dudgeon等人的说法,无论干预计划是否花费了大笔预算和解决已确定的社会问题的良好意愿。 (2010),它也给原住民带来了负面的社会影响。造成的一些问题是;使孩子与父母和文化疏远。这剥夺了他们的父母照料和行使其文化习俗的权利。

另一个问题是对住房计划的干预,当时可供使用的房屋过于拥挤。这进一步加剧了疾病传播和贫困的问题。尽管处于贫困状态,但政府收入管理使他们的生活更加艰难,因为他们只剩下50%的人来照顾他们的日常需求。这导致挫败感,导致大多数父母沮丧(Nimmo,2008年)。歧视性的酒精管制并未证明是有用的,因为许多人可能会去最近的城镇而陷入酒精中毒。此外,政府停止社区发展就业项目(CDEP)的行动导致大量失业。这些趋势导致沮丧,沮丧,酗酒,贫穷,最终,大多数人入狱或自杀。


Question 5  

The work of Laverack (2013) illuminate broadly on the issue of a health practitioner being an activist of good health to the people. There roles are defined within the realm of the clients or community they serve and ethics. In empowering the people on health, first the they have to come up with strategies to empower themselves. In this regard, the balance between their work and power, limited by the ethics in their practice.

The principle can be applied in my line of work by realizing the role I play in serving the people. In that context, I have to define what to do and not to depending on the willingness of the client. However, within the limits of my role and ethics of practice, I have the power to act on issues for the interest of the people I serve. To solve the wicked problem of Aborigine people, I could have used collaborative approach in which I will have involved the community, health practitioners, administration and interest group to have a multidimensional approach to the problem aiming to have a win-win solution.


译文:

问题5   社会政策代写

Laverack(2013)的工作广泛地阐明了卫生从业者是人民健康的积极分子。在客户所服务的客户或社区范围内以及道德规范中定义了角色。在赋予人们健康权时,首先,他们必须提出增强自身能力的策略。在这方面,他们的工作与权力之间的平衡受到其实践中道德规范的限制。

通过意识到我在为人民服务中所扮演的角色,这一原则可以运用于我的工作中。在这种情况下,我必须根据客户的意愿来定义做什么和不做什么。但是,在我的角色和实践道德的限制范围内,我有权就所服务的人的利益采取行动。为了解决原住民的邪恶问题,我本可以采用协作方法,使社区,卫生从业人员,行政管理和利益集团参与进来,以多维的方式解决问题,以寻求双赢的解决方案。


References

Altman, C. (2007). The Howard government’s Northern Territory intervention: Are neo-paternalism and indigenous development compatible? Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, 58(16)

Australian Government. (2007). Tackling wicked problems (1st ed., pp. 1-37). Canberra: Australian Public Service Commission.

Dudgeon, P., Wright, M., Paradies, Y., Garvey, D. & Walker, I. (2010) The Social, Cultural and Historical Context of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. In Working Together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Mental Health and Wellbeing Principles and Practice., ed. Purdie, N., Dudgeon, P. & Walker, R., 25-42. Canberra, ACT: Commonwealth of Australia.

Laverack, G. (2013). Health activism: Foundations and strategies London: SAGE Publications Ltd, DOI: 10.4135/9781446270004

Nimmo, J. (2008). Intervention, Katherine, N.T. [Film]. Australia: Ronin Film.

社会政策代写
社会政策代写

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