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代写系统编程 CMPSC311代写

2022-06-21 11:22 星期二 所属: C++/C代写 浏览:120

Lab #2 – mdadm Linear Device (Basic Functionality)

CMPSC311 – Introduction to Systems Programming

代写系统编程 Like all lab assignments in this class, you are prohibited from copying any content from the Internet or discussing, sharing ideas, code,

Like all lab assignments in this class, you are prohibited from copying any content from the Internet or discussing, sharing ideas, code, configuration, text, or anything else or getting help from anyone in or outside of the class. Consulting online sources is acceptable, but under no circumstances should anything be copied. Failure to abide by this requirement will result in penalty as described in our course syllabus.

 

Checkpoint 1:   代写系统编程

You should pass the first three tests, test mount unmount(), test read before mount(), and test read invalid parameters(), by February 18, 11:59 PM EST. Otherwise you will get 30% penalty even if you pass all tests by the due date.

You will need to install libssl-dev by running sudo apt install libssl-dev.

Today is the first day of your summer internship at a cryptocurrency startup. Before you join, the marketing team decided that they want to differentiate their product by emphasizing on security. On the same day that you join the company, the shipment of 16 military-grade, nuclear bomb-proof hard disks arrives. They are supposed to replace the existing commercial-grade hard disks and will be used to store the most critical user data—cryptocurrency wallets. However, the disk company focuses on physical security and doesn’t invest much in software. They provide their disks as a JBOD (Just a Bunch of Disks), which is a storage architecture consisting of numerous disks inside of a single storage enclosure. They also provide a user manual along with the shipment:

 

代写系统编程
代写系统编程

 

Thank you for purchasing our military-grade, nuclear bomb-proof hard disks, built with patented NASA technologies. Each of the disks in front of you consists of 256 blocks, and each block has 256 bytes, coming to a total of 256 × 256 = 65,536 bytes per disk. Since you bought 16 disks, the combined capacity is 16 × 65,536 = 1,048,576 bytes = 1 MB. We provide you with a device driver with a single function that you can use to control the disks.

int jbod_operation(uint32_t op, uint8_t *block);

This function returns 0 on success and -1 on failure. It accepts an operation through the op parameter, the format of which is described in Table 1, and a pointer to a buffer.

 

The command field can be one of the following commands, which are declared as a C enum type in the header that we have provide to you:   代写系统编程

1.JBOD_MOUNT:

mount all disks in the JBOD and make them ready to serve commands. This is the first command that should be called on the JBOD before issuing any other commands; all commands before it will fail. When thecommand field of op is set to this command, all other fields in op are ignored by the JBOD driver. Similarly, the block argument passed to jbod_operation can be NULL.

2.JBOD_UNMOUNT:

unmount all disks in the JBOD. This is the last command that should be called on the JBOD; all commands after it will fail. When the command field of op is set to this command, all other fields in op are ignored by the JBOD driver. Similarly, the block argument passed to jbod_- operation can be NULL.

3.JBOD_SEEK_TO_DISK:   代写系统编程

seeks to a specific disk. JBOD internally maintains an I/O position, a tuple consisting of {CurrentDiskID, CurrentBlockID}, whichdetermines where the next I/O operation will happen. This command seeks to the beginning of disk specified by DiskID field in op. In other words, it modifies I/O position: it sets CurrentDiskID to DiskID specified in op and it setsCurrentBlockID to 0. When the command field of op is set to this command, the BlockID field in op is ignored by the JBOD driver. Similarly, the block argument passed to jbod_operation can be NULL.

 4.JBOD_SEEK_TO_BLOCK:

seeks to a specific block in current disk. This command sets the CurrentBlockID in I/O position to the block specified in BlockID field in op. When the command field of op is set to this command, the DiskID field in op is ignored by the JBOD driver. Similarly, the block argument passed to jbod_operation can be NULL.

 5.JBOD_READ_BLOCK:  代写系统编程

reads the block in current I/O position into the buffer specified by the block argument to jbod_operation. The buffer pointed by block must be of block size, that is 256 bytes. More importantly, after this operation completes, the CurrentBlockID in I/O position is incremented by 1; that is, the next I/O operation will happen on the next block of the current disk. When the command field of op is set to this command, all other fields in op are ignored by the JBOD driver.

6.JBOD_WRITE_BLOCK:

writes the data in the block buffer into the block in the current I/O position. The buffer pointed by block must be of block size, that is 256 bytes. More importantly, after this operation completes, theCurrentBlockID in I/O position is incremented by 1; that is, the next I/Ooperation will happen on the next block of the current disk. When the command field of op is set to this command, all other fields in op are ignored by the JBOD driver.

After you finished your onboarding session with HR and enjoyed the free lunch with your new colleagues, you received the following email from the manager of the team.

 

Welcome, to the team!   代写系统编程

Here’s your task for the next two weeks. You will be working on integrating JBOD into our existing storage system. Specifically, you will implement one of the functionalities of the mdadm utility in Linux. Mdadm stands for multiple disk and device administration, and it is a tool for doing cool tricks with multiple disks. You will implement one of such tricks supported by mdadm, called linear device. A linear device makes multiple disks appear as a one large disk to the operating system. In our case, we will use your program to configure 16 disks of size 64 KB as a single 1 MB disk. Below are the functions you need to implement.

int mdadm_mount(void): Mount the linear device; now mdadm user can run read and operations on the linear address space that combines all disks. It should return 1 on success and -1 on failure. Calling this function the second time without calling mdadm_unmount in between, should fail.

int mdadm_unmount(void): Unmount the linear device; now all commands to the linear device should fail. It should return 1 on success and -1 on failure. Calling this function the second time without calling mdadm_mount in between, should fail.

int mdadm_read(uint32_t addr, uint32_t len, uint8_t *buf): Read len bytes into buf starting at addr. Read from an out-of-bound linear address should fail. A read larger than 1,024 bytes should fail; in other words, len can be 1,024 at most. There are a few more restrictions that you will find out as you try to pass the tests.

Good luck with your task!

 

Now you are all pumped up and ready to make an impact in the new company.  代写系统编程

You spend the afternoon with your mentor, who goes through the directory structure and the development procedure with you:

1.jbod.h: The interface of JBOD. You will use the constants defined here in yourimplementation.

2.jbod.o: The object file containing the JBOD driver.

3.mdadm.h: A header file that lists the functions you should implement.

4.mdadm.c: Your implementation of mdadm functions.

5.tester.h: Tester header file.

6.tester.c: Unit tests for the functions that you will implement. This file will compile into an executable, tester, which you will run to see if you pass the unit tests.

7.util.h: Utility functions used by JBOD implementation and the tester.

8.util.c: Implementation of utility functions.

9.Makefile: instructions for compiling and building tester used by the make utility.

You workflow will consist of (1) implementing functions by modifying mdadm.c, (2) typing make to build the tester, and (3) running tester to see if you pass the unit tests, and repeating these three steps until you pass all the tests. Although you only need to edit mdadm.c for successfully completing the assignment, you can modify any file you want if it helps you in some way. When testing your submission, however, we will use the original forms of all files except mdadm.c and mdadm.h. Remember that you are free to create helper functions if that helps you in mdadm.c (e.g., if you want to have a helper function to determine which block and disk correspond to a specific linear address).

 

Grading rubric  代写系统编程

The grading would be done according to the following rubric:

  • Passing test cases 85%
  • Adding meaningful descriptive comments 5%
  • Successful “make” and execution without error 5%
  • Submission of commit id 5%

Penalties: 10% per day for late submission (up to 3 days). The lab assignment will not be graded if it is more than 3 days late. 30% penalty if first checkpoint is not passed by Feb 18th 2022, 11:59 pm (No late submission for the checkpoint).

 

代写系统编程
代写系统编程

 

 

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